The tactics are decided after taking into account a number of variables. These will include whether or not the fielding team has already batted and if so, whether the total runs they made during their batting innings are decisive enough for the captain to decide the fielding team is in a winning position. An attacking field would be set so as to force the batting side into making errors by adopting aggressive bowling tactics and placing fieldsmen in close to the batsman. A defensive field setting would be set, in the event the fielding captain believes his team’s previous batting total can be easily eclipsed. The fieldsmen would be placed in such a way, they would be able to save the majority of batting strokes from reaching the boundary for four or more runs. If the fielding captain is able to force the batsmen into taking single runs, the likelihood of a forced error or dismissal is more than possible.
For you to familiarise yourself with all the fielding positions, simply consult the diagram below.
The pitch is a rectangular area of the ground 20.12m in length measured from bowling crease to bowling crease and 3.05m in width. It is bounded at either end by the bowling creases and on either side by imaginary lines, one each side of the imaginary line joining the centres of the two middle stumps, each parallel to it and 1.52m from it.
To help you understand the dimensions and layout of the pitch, see the following diagram.
The Wickets / Stumps
Two sets of wickets are pitched opposite and parallel to each other at a distance of 20.12m between the centres of the two middle stumps. Each set is 22.86cm wide and consists of three wooden stumps with two wooden bails on top. See the following diagram to familiarise yourself with the characteristics of the wickets.